The professional tool par excellence, often synonymous with femininity, the hairbrush is indispensable for beautiful hair. Depending on its shape and texture, it can be used for all kinds of hair follies.

Why use a hairbrush?

There's an old belief that brushing your hair a hundred times a day is the best way to achieve beautiful hair. However, 30 gentle strokes are more than enough for optimal brushing, as intensive brushing can be very hard on the hair.

And while brushing hair in the morning may seem obvious to everyone, it's just as important to brush at the end of the day to rid the hair of all the impurities accumulated throughout the day.

Brushing wet or dry hair?

In the matter, Christophe Nicolas Biot is formal: " never brush wet or damp hair, as this can damage the fiber capillarydetangler, alternative to the hairbrush. "

For wet hair, he recommends using a large comb or detangler, but not a brush, whatever the hair type.

However, he strongly recommends using the brush before shampooing, on dry hair, to detangle and soften hair.

Why brush your hair?

Christophe Nicolas Biot and his hairbrush
Photo©Pascal Latil

Gentle brushing flattens the cuticle and adds shine.

What's more, depending on the brushing technique used, hair can be given volume or structure.

Brushing cleanses the hair and scalp. It removes old hair, dead skin cells, chemicals and other residues that remain in your hair. If you don't do it regularly, bacteria have a free rein and can clog pores and capillaries.

By brushing your hair, you stimulate the capillaries, which improves blood circulation and provides the capillaries with the oxygen and nutrients they need.

The sebaceous glands produce sebum, a protective oil and a natural conditioner. By brushing your hair, you stimulate these glands and distribute sebum from the roots to the ends. The result? Stronger, more resistant, less dry and shinier hair. Conversely, without brushing, your scalp can become oily.

The right hairbrush for gentle brushing

Above all, don't pull on the hair when brushing, and if you have knots, it's advisable to detangle gently with a comb or your fingers before brushing.

For gentle detangling, use a conditioner or detangling spray suited to your hair type.

Christophe Nicolas Biot and his hairbrush
Photo©Pascal Latil


It's essential to wash your hairbrush regularly, whatever the type of material it's made of, for optimum shine and hair care. Remove any stuck hair after each brushing, and run it under hot water with a little shampoo at least once a month.

To brush long hair, start with the ends, then the length and finally the roots, to avoid multiplying knots. Only in the final brushstrokes will you style the entire length.

In the morning, if you have a mid-length to short cut, brush your hair in all directions to detangle, soften and add volume.

The different types of hairbrushes

  • Flat brushes

Made of plastic or boar, these pneumatic brushes are the first a hairdresser uses in the tub, to detangle hair before shampooing. They are just as useful for straightening hair during blow-drying as they are for aerating it.

  • Round brushes

The most common are used to modify hair structure for greater suppleness and fullness. Depending on the diameter, the blow-dry will be tighter or looser. To achieve the desired result, always opt for a slightly smaller diameter.

  • Square brushes

These are more accessory-based, helping to loosen roots and give hair movement. Few hairdressers have them.

  • Skeleton brushes

Often made of plastic, these flat brushes with widely spaced pins are used to prepare and loosen roots before blow-drying. They can also be used to aerate hair or for men's styling.

  • Brushes for men

These flat brushes, just a few centimetres wide, are made of wood and boar for styling. Avoid metal spikes, which are very unpleasant in contact with the scalp.

  • Bun brushes

Narrower than men's brushes, they allow you to work with precision to create a variety of chignons. The handle can be pointed to make separations like a tail comb.

Hairbrush materials

At Christophe Nicolas Biot, you can have your brush personalized with laser engraving. Put a nice message on it for a gift, or write your first name on it.

  • Metal and ceramicThistype of brush tends to damage the scalp and can give off static electricity.
  • Boar bristlesThey're often preferred by hairdressers for their worn-in look. As the bristles are compacted, they offer a better grip. The bristles of new brushes are stiffer, making them less comfortable. The trick? Wash them in hot, soapy water the first time you use them, to make them more supple. Boar bristle brushes have the advantage of not making hair electric, and leave it shiny. They detangle very well and gently, and are perfect for all hair types. So many advantages!
  • NylonThesebrushes can have spikes at the ends, around which the hair wraps. This type of brush is reputed to be too hard on the hair, with a tendency to break the hair fiber.
  • Natural bristlesThe bristles are softer than boar bristles, but like boar bristle brushes, these brushes have only advantages for thick, thin, short, long, straight or curly hair. They're perfect for preventing tangles in fine hair.

    brose christophe nicolas biot

Brushes available from Christophe Nicolas Biot hairdressing salons in the Christophe Nicolas Biot Paris online store.